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The function and role of the Nutrient Phosphorus to plants – The element phosphorus is a nutrient that is needed in large quantities or macro. The uniqueness of this item is even though the number of at least than 2 siblings namely nitrogen and potassium in plants, but phosphorus is regarded as the "key of life".

The uniqueness of the site certainly we've often seen. This can be phosphorus glowed in the dark, so much used for alternative solutions overcome the darkness. For instance in needle watches that we can see the glowing in the dark.

Function and Role of Phosphorus in Plants

While the characteristics of phosphorus which differentiate it from other elements such as potassium and nitrogen is the element is not easily dissolved phosphorus and water tends to slow its movement in the soil.

For that these elements can be contained in great numbers in the ground than any other macro elements namely potassium and nitrogen.

Besides phosphorus is also more in the form of inorganic versus organic.

Elemental phosphorus can also be retrieved from a phosphorus fertilizer sold in the market. To obtain phosphorus from fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizer can be directly used with smoothing his advance.

But for these types of crops like rice, soybeans, corn, and other types of food crops, natural fertilizer is less suitable.

The nature of phosphorus that is not easily soluble in water makes the root of the food plants are difficult to subjugate them.

For it is usually the granting of fertilizer phosphorus to plants is the type of fertilizer phosphorus which had been prepared in advance.

Element with the symbol P atomic number 15 has a Nonmetal-Valent, lots and including the nitrogen. Many of these elements are found in the rocks of inorganic phosphate and in living cells but never found the form of free items.

The plants will absorb phosphorus in various forms such as ion ortofosfat (H2PO4-), secondary ortofosfat ion (HPO4 =), pyrophosphate, metafosfat and there is a possibility of phosphorus also absorbed in the form of organic compounds that are soluble in water, such as nucleic acids and phitin.

Phosphorus is absorbed the plant in the form of inorganic ions will quickly turn into phosphorus organic phosphorus which is easy to move from one network to another network.

Ideally, the levels of phosphorus in the plant at the time of vegetative growth was 0.3% to 0.5% of the dry weight of the plant.

If a crop shortage this item then the plant will experience:
  1. Growth or constraints
  2. The leaves, branches, and stems purplish red color that gradually turns yellow.
  3. The fruit will grow small and quickly cooked.
  4. The seeds of the plant and root growth is not normal.
  5. Based on that explanation, we can take the conclusions about the function of the element phosphorus at the plant.

Surely the function of these elements to plants not juah unlike other macro nutrient elements. It's just a different characteristics make it also differs in its effects on the plant growth.

These have been compiled to further recognize the function of this macro nutrient elements in plants:
  1. Useful for the formation of flowers and fruit.
  2. As a basis for the formation of the cell nucleus and the cell wall in plants.
  3. To stimulate the growth of young roots, seed ripening and the formation of chlorophyll.
  4. Needed for formation of respiratory enzymes and components of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).
  5. Help in backup and transfer of energy (ADP + ATP).
  6. Help plants grown at the time of the early growth in the formation of roots and leaves of young because the element is more concentrated on the seeds and growing point of a plant.
  7. Can stimulate cell division of the plant so that it can enlarge the network of cells in plants.

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